This article has written by Khan Mahe. Picture credits to crlreview.in
It is a written order provided by a judicial officer or other empowered person ordering a law implementation officer to perform some act for the administration of justice, hence A warrant is indispensable if an arrest is to be demonstrated legal, except in circumstances during which arrest without warrant is recognized by law or statute
However, warrants are recognized unrelated as per the variability of purposes within the law. The one that ignores the looks in court is additionally brought by issuing the Warrant. Mainly, police issue warrants because the basis to arrest a suspect and to conduct an enquiry of property for evidence of a criminal offense .
Types of Warrants
A bench warrant may be a warrant issued by a magistrate who guides the arrest and detention of a person ,or the search and seizure of an individual’s property and bench warrant is further divided into bailable bench warrant and a non- bailable bench warrant .
Bailable bench warrant –
The Warrant which is executed by a policeman,after the conviction ,the individual arrested are often released by such bail which may be bond or cash as per the warrant.
Non Bailable warrant –
Warrant, where executing policeman can do but nothing and may remand the accused to police headquarters and produce the concerned accused before a court who issued the warrant will then either recall the warrant with fine or send the accused to judicial custody and order the accused to travel to court and apply for normal bail.
The term “bench” springs from the normal meaning for the judge’s seat, arrest warrant which is ordered by a judge against the criminal or any similar proceedings is understood as an arrest warrant . it’s issued when one cannot appear before the court.
In severe criminal cases, when there’s failure to which results in a “regular” bench warrant , which might drive immediate attempts to locate an accused. An arrest warrant however ,does not mean that the police are going to be at the door of the defendant subsequently morning. Thus, the name of the accused are going to be communicated into a statewide computing system that sometimes serves the whole enforcement center.
Difference between Arrest Warrant and Bench Warrant
Arrest Warrant is usually where the police are expected to accumulate an bench warrant , matter by a judge supported evidence , before taking an individual into custody. There are, however, exceptions to the present general rule which allows police to guide warrantless arrests.
Bench Warrant: A judge issues an arrest warrant when an individual cannot appear in court. it’s not at the request of the police. it’s supported the court’s jurisdiction over individuals to need their appearance in court.
Search Warrant: it’s an order issued by a magistrate or judge to authorize law officers to look for an individual , his vehicle or location, to urge evidence for a criminal offense and to seize any evidence if found. In some countries, an enquiry warrant can’t be issued within the civil proceedings.
A summons may be a legal notice to a suit. it’s the primary official notice that the opposite party receives to notify him or her that he or she is being sued by some party or person ,
In some cases, the summons may specify a selected court date Usually , an individual is served with a summons, it Gen6 requires that an independent process server provide the defendant with the complaint ,In simple terms The court calls or notify the party or person concerned at specific court , as an example If you sue someone, you want to serve them with a Summons. Which provides them notice of the lawsuit. “Service of process” is that the formal name for giving a defendant a Summons to return to court
Section 61 of criminal procedure code ,1973 says every summon issued by the court
* In writing
* In duplicate form
* Signed and sealed by the leader of the court
* It should mention the time and place of the rule directed and shall bear the seal of the court
Section 62 of The Code of Criminal Procedure,1973 defines the one that can serve are as follows :
* By a politician , subject to such rules because the State Govt. may prescribe.
* The court may allow summons to be served personally by delivering or tendering to him one among the duplicates of the summons if any request is formed by complainant or accused. Personally by delivering or tendering to him one among the duplicates of the summons if any request is formed by complainant or accused.
Modes of Summons
A) By personal service
B) Under Section 63 _By Service on corporate bodies and societies under
C) Under Section 64 _By Service when person summoned can’t be found
D) Under Section 66 _ By Service on Government servant
E) Under Section 67 _By Service of summons outside local limits
Difference between Warrant and Summon
1) During a case whereas warrant is authorization by judge or magistrate to a policeman to authorize him to perform an act
2) Summon usually orders the defendant to seem within the court or to supply a document or thing before the court on the opposite hand under warrant the officer can arrest the accused and produce before the judge within the court.
3) Summon is however are often addressed to witness and the other person involved within the case and warrant is for cops not accused
4) The person can withdraw the complaint in summons however during a warrant case, the complainant cannot withdraw the complaint.
5) Lastly , a magistrate can convert a summon case into a warrant , but warrant cannot altered and altered
Warrant and summon serve an equivalent purpose as both order an individual charged with a criminal or traffic offense within the court before the judge. Though both are issued with an equivalent purpose, they’re different from one another .
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