The present article has been written by Aanya Gupta pursuing BBA LLB from Vivekananda Institute Of
Professional Studies, GGSIPU, New Delhi.


“Environment” is a very comprehensive term. It includes several phenomena in its scope. This is a dynamic term that can be used to describe a limited area on one side and the entire planet on the other. The term environment can have different meanings. Different countries and international legal instruments have multiple definitions of this term. Broadly speaking, the environment includes the external conditions, resources, and stimuli with which organisms interact. The preamble of the “United Nations Declaration on the Human Environment” adopted in Stockholm in June 1972 stated:

 “Man is both the creator and shaper of the environment. The environment gives him material substance and gives him intellectual, moral, social and spiritual growth. “.  

 The environment is threatened by various sources of damage, mainly man-made damage. To solve this problem, we must develop strategies to change human behavior and turn it into environmentally friendly practices, away from practices that damage the environment. Broadly speaking, technologies that change human behavior can be divided into two categories: incentives and inhibitions. The law is important because it creates a framework in which incentives and restrictions can play a role. The law is everywhere. Other methods of influencing human behavior are voluntary or optional to some extent. Education, morality, peer and family pressure – all apply to varying degrees. On the other hand, the law cannot be easily circumvented. The law in society applies equally to everyone at all times. This is the axiom of the “rule of law.”

What Is Environmental Law?

Humanity knows a much longer environment than the law to protect the environment. The Environmental Law, or known as methods of environmental and natural resources, explains the regulatory laws, laws and regulations, regional and international laws, protect the environment from harming and explain the legal impact of such damage to the government, is a term Used to explain the treaty.  As described in the next section, it covers many areas. However, the term “environmental law” is not only covering government law. In addition, by creating a regulation of business licenses and industry standards, companies and other organizations, and their regulators can also work to improve ethical principles.  These are not the “law” but the regulatory framework. It also applies land management methods for a type of understanding of responsibility and ethical action. 

Similarly, the impact assessment is not necessarily required, but it can be rejected if development, construction, modification, engineer, or engineer is not carried out. These are not laws made for the environment and the local population, but any regulation. For various reasons, the environmental law was always the nostalgic point of controversy. The heart of the discussion, the need for such regulations, the attractive friction of government regulations and encouraging the carrier of the market, and making things appropriate for all, and the attractive friction of all. For example, continuous discussions on the effects of specific pesticides in agriculture, greenhouse gas emissions are avoiding recoil legislation in the battle between science and full clay-mud government. The opposite of the discussion means that the regulation and the current law of the industry are insufficient. Both sides have a meeting to discuss the aspects of environmental law, and they have how they should change how they have changed their favorably. 

In the way we are looking at it, environmental law affects the importance of saving individual health, commercial activities, geographical sustainability, geographical sustainability, and future generations and economies.   

When Environmental Laws Were Made?

Some environmental protection laws existed even before the independence of India. However, the real push to implement a robust framework only emerged after the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment (Stockholm, 1972). After the Stockholm Conference, the National Committee for Environmental Policy and Planning was established in the Ministry of Science and Technology in 1972 to establish a regulatory body to deal with environmental issues. Subsequently, the committee evolved into a mature Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF). 

MoEF was established in 1985 and is now the highest administrative body in the country to oversee and ensure environmental protection and formulate a legal and regulatory framework for it. Since the 1970s, various environmental laws have been promulgated. MoEF and the Pollution Control Committee (“CPCB”, meaning the Central Pollution Control Committee and “SPCBs”, meaning the National Pollution Control Committee) together constitute the core regulatory and administrative department.

Some of the important legislations for environmental protection are as follows:

1)The National Green Tribunal Act, 2010

2)The Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981

3)The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974

4)The Environment Protection Act, 1986

5)The Hazardous Waste Management Regulations, etc.


1) For Health of Current Generations

Medical care is an expensive business, regardless of where it is around the world. During the oldest environmental protection in the world, it is designed to take into account human health. Even today, people who live in the largest area tend to suffer more health problems.  It is important to clean environmental air, water, and other aspects to improve your health.

2)For Health of Future Generations

We do not have the good health system of the current generation that we should worry about. Our children and their children, etc., sometimes have an increase in the costs of health, and which leads to a larger case of some situations. Even in countries with social health care, health problems and the cost of carrying out a health system continue to increase. In addition, maintaining an additional generation of expenses is the mission of certain environmental health laws to cause more papers and healthier relaxation problems to guarantee the environment.  We are also analyzing new adventive diseases in areas where there have never been cases of existing but controlled, but controlled cases of existing but controlled diseases. It is believed that some of the reasons are an ecological and natural environment that promotes the replication of viruses or the seeds responsible for the duplication of viruses and mosquitoes.

3)Maintaining Resources and Lifestyle

Many methods to maintain resources and lifestyle, environmental laws are a form of future insurance contracts, such as food safety and water, the protection of resources, energy, and ecological equilibrium. Fossil fuel is an exhausted resource, and many metals are finite but may have a potential century.  The rights of fishing are one of these problems. In many areas of the world, not only can they harm our supply of food and industry, but can also be confused with the ecological balance of the sea. That is why many countries agreed to fish quotas.

4)For Ecology

Food chains, water cycles, the security of our resources depends on what environment is protected by any environment. Exhaustion and elimination of resources, such as the introduction of invasive species, maintaining damage emissions, etc., and environments can cause long-term problems. We have already raised the depletion of the ice cover and the maritime levels. The dilution of our sea salt can affect the ecological balance of the sea. It also knows that jet streams and vibrations can change with carbon in the atmosphere, resulting in changes in the long-term unstable climate that can cause imbalances elsewhere. Global ecology is a network that exceeds national benefits and borders.    

What Is Sustainable Development?

The principle of sustainable development is developed based on the basic assumption of the coexistence of two opposed concepts (ie development and environment). But from a practical point of view, the ecological, economic, and social aspects of sustainability are inseparable. As William Rees pointed out, the maintenance of ecological integrity must take precedence over the realization of human social and economic needs. Therefore, there must be an intersection between ecological and economic factors in the development process. The principle of sustainable development emphasizes two basic needs: one is the need for social and economic development and the other is the need to limit the capacity of the environment to respond to current and future needs.

Sustainable Development Goals

The objectives of Sustainable Development suppress poverty and pollution in 2015, thus protecting the planet, protecting the planet, providing peace and prosperity for the emergence. It is established in a plan to become a blue photo towards a better sustainable future. The three main objectives of sustainable development objectives are

 1) economic growth.

 2) Protection of the environment. 

3) Social inclusion.   

 Sustainable development objectives have been successful in the content and thousands of applicable development objectives. The previous objective was criticized that it was too narrow in a surface implementation if it is too narrow in implementation. A thousand-year development objective focused on the development of each country and supporting the development of other countries. A recently increasing sustainable development objective was much more in context, providing more complete perspectives and frameworks for development according to the country’s relationship. They are applied more worldwide, resulting in the largest UN program, which provided the company’s foundation.   


Undeniably, adhering to sustainable development goals is the need of the hour. It is time that each one of us adopts an ‘energy-efficient and green’ mindset and uses the natural resources available equitably, judiciously, and save them for our future generations, as the best way to predict the future is to create it.

Hence, India needs to hustle towards the attainment of its sustainable development goals through proper planning, coordination, and implementation of practices and policies which aid in the formation and maintenance of a self-sustainable and developed country.

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