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1708  of 2015


(2015), 834 SC






V. Gopala Gowda, Amitava Roy


December 16, 2015


Sections 304B, 201, 498A of the Indian Penal Code , Section 365, Sections 3 and 4 of the Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961, Section 323 Cr.P.C, Section 313, Section 293 Cr.P.C.


An affectionate vacation excursion of a recently marry youthful couple met with a sad end, with the puzzling vanishing of the spouse from the organization of her significant other, on the train where they were going coming back home. The litigant, the spouse, in the orderly realities and conditions, stands charged and sentenced under Sections 304B, 201, 498A of the Indian Penal Code, what’s more, has been condemned to go through thorough detainment for shifting terms for the offenses in question. The High Court of judicature at Patna, having avowed the conviction and sentence recorded by the learned preliminary court, the litigant looks for a change in the moment procedures, challenge being laid to the judgment and request dated 16.05.2014 delivered in Criminal Appeal (SJ) No. 1169 of 2011.

A short introduction to the horrendous episode is imperative. Rani Archana Sinha got hitched on 29.04.2007 with the appealing party as indicated by Hindu rituals and had properly joined the marital home. Archana was a rehearsing advocate and had shown up in a cutthroat assessment in which, according to the outcomes proclaimed on 10.08.2007, she was not chosen. The couple arranged their special night outing to Darjeeling and continued thereto, by Capital Express on a similar date. They landed at New Jalpaiguri Station, and in the wake of visiting the spots of their advantage, as planned, they on 14.08.2007 boarded a similar help for the return venture at 1500 hrs. As the realities have unfurled from the First Information Report stopped by the appealing party with the Mokamah G.R.P.S. on 15.08.2007, the couple ate at Katihar Junction at 2000 hrs whereafter they turned in their particular billets No. 33 (appealing party) and negative. 35 (Archana) in mentor S 1 of sleeper class roughly at 2100 hrs.

According to the adaptation of the appealing party, he awakened at 0510 hrs on 15.08.2007 at Bakhtiarpur Station, to observe that his better half was absent from her introduction to the world whereafter, he began looking for her on the running train. As per him, when the train arrived at Patna Junction, he searched for her on different trains likewise thereat. His supplication is that on being enquired, the travelers in his mentor avowed that the woman was accessible in the train up to 0400-0430 hours. The litigant’s statement arranged subsequently, he revealed the matter first with the GRP, Patna, and at last stopped the First Information Report with Mokamah G.R.P.S.


  • Whether Archana had vanished of consumption or real wounds or whether her passing had happened in any case than in typical conditions? Assuming such passing is demonstrated, whether it very well may be incidental and neither self-destructive nor desperate?
  • Whether soon before her passing, she had been exposed to brutality and provocation by the litigant and any of his family members for or regarding interest for settlement?


In the current realities of the current case, the assumption engrafted under Sections 304B IPC and 113B of the Indian Evidence Act isn’t accessible to the arraignment as the fundamental central realities to set off such assumption have stayed unproved. The indictment has neglected to lay out for certain the demise of Archana. To repeat, the proof all in all bearing on endowment interest and provocation or abuse in association therewith is likewise not persuading.

On a combined examination of the proof on record, we are consequently compelled to hold that in current realities and conditions of the case, the indictment has neglected to demonstrate the charge under Sections 304B/498A/201 IPC against the litigant. The courts underneath, in our gauge, have neglected to look at and assess the proof on record in the right point of view both genuine and legitimate, and consequently have horribly failed in returning a finding of responsibility against him on the above charges.

It is very much dug on a basic level of a criminal statute that a charge can be supposed to be demonstrated just when there is sure and express proof to warrant lawful conviction and that no individual can be held liable on unadulterated moral conviction. Howsoever grave the supposed offense might be, generally blending the inner voice of any court, doubt alone can’t replace legitimate evidence. The deeply grounded cannon of law enforcement is “fouler the wrongdoing higher the evidence”. In undeniable terms, it is the command of regulation that the indictment prevails in a criminal preliminary and needs to demonstrate the charge(s) without question.

Doubt, despite how grave it very well might be, can’t replace evidence, and there is an enormous contrast between something that “maybe” demonstrated and “will be proved”. In a criminal preliminary, doubt regardless of areas of strength how should not be allowed to happen during verification. This is for the explanation that the psychological distance between “maybe” and “must be” is very enormous and separates ambiguous guesses from sure ends. In a lawbreaker case, the court has an obligation to guarantee that simple guesses or doubts don’t replace legitimate confirmation. The huge distance between “maybe” valid and “must be” valid, should be covered via clear, fitting, and irreproachable proof created by the indictment, before a blamed is censured as a convict, and the fundamental and brilliant rule should be applied.

In supplementation, it was held in confirmation of the view taken in Kali Ram versus Province of H.P. (1973) 2 SCC 808 that assuming two perspectives are conceivable on the proof cited for the situation, one highlighting the responsibility of the denounced and the other to his blamelessness, the view which is positive for the charged ought to be taken on.

This Court, among others, in Amitbhai Anilchandra Shah versus Focal Bureau of Investigation and another (2013) 6 SCC 348, while underlining the vitality of a fair, top to bottom examination had seen that researching officials are the head bosses in the law enforcement framework and dependable examination is the main step towards confirming total equity to the survivors of the case. It was decided that regulating law enforcement is a two-end process, where watching the guaranteed freedoms of the denounced under the Constitution is pretty much as basic as guaranteeing equity to the person in question.

This article is written by Arpita Kaushal, a student of UILS, PUSSGRC , HOSHIARPUR.

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